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Yintoni i-cato

ICato yasekwa eNgilani ngowe-1824 sisithandi sobulumko uJohn Locke. Locke wayesisifundiswa kunye nenkokeli yobukrelekrele ngenkulungwane ye-18. Waphenjelelwa ngokunzulu yindlela yokucinga yesithandi sobulumko esiliNgesi senkulungwane ye-17 uJohn Locke. ULocke wayesisithandi sobulumko saseBritani esabhala ngentanda-bulumko karhulumente, inkolo, nemfundo. Locke waziwa kakhulu ngengxelo ethi “ukuqonda komntu kuphela komthombo wolwazi lokwenyaniso.”

Injongo yeli ziko yayikukukhuthaza ukufundwa kwemisebenzi yeengcingane ezinkulu zamandulo. Iintlanganiso zokuqala zeli ziko zabanjwa ngomhla wama-25 kuOktobha 1824.

Iziko likhuthaza ukufundiswa kweengcinga ezinkulu kunye neentanda-bulumko zangaphambili. Injongo yalo kukukhuthaza isifundo phakathi kwabantu beengcamango ezinkulu zembali kunye nokwenza aba bacinga ukuba bafumaneke kuluntu.

Igama elithi “Cato” sisiTshetshi kwegama lesiGrike elithi “katos” elithetha “inja.” Oku kungenxa yokuba eli ziko lasekwa nguLocke, owayebizwa ngokuba “yinja” yexesha lakhe.

ICato Institute luluntu lobuchwephesha lwabafundi kunye neengcali zemfundo kwicandelo lembali yaseMelika kunye nehlabathi. Iinjongo zeziko ezichaziweyo zezi:

“1. Ukukhuthaza nokukhuthaza ukufundiswa kwembali, ulwazi kunye nophando.

2. Ukukhuthaza ukubhalwa kweencwadi zembali nokupapasha iincwadi, iijenali, neengqokelela zeencwadi zembali.

3. Ukukhuthaza ukuyilwa kweemyuziyam zembali kunye nokugcinwa kweendawo zembali nezakhiwo.

4. Ukukhuthaza ukufundwa kwembali yaseMerika neyehlabathi.”

Eli ziko linikezela ngezithethi ezinolwazi ngezihloko ezahlukeneyo zembali. Bakwavelisa kwaye bapapashe uthotho lweencwadi ngezihloko zembali.

I-Cato Institute yasekwa ngumbhali-mbali kunye nomfundisi-ntsapho, uJohn M. Riddle (1847-1934). Umongameli wokuqala weli ziko wayengumbhali-mbali, uHenry R. Seidel Canby (1851-1903). Umongameli wesibini wayengumbhali-mbali nomfundisi-ntsapho, uHenry M. Hopkins (1858-1940).

Eli ziko lathiywa ngenkokeli yaseRoma kunye nesithandi sobulumko uCato waseUtica. UCato wayelilungu leNdlu yeeNgwevu zaseRoma kunye nomxhasi weRiphabhlikhi yaseRoma. UCato wayesaziwa ngeembono zakhe ezichasene nezihandiba kunye nezobuqhophololo. UCato wachasa ubuqhophololo beRiphabhliki yaseRoma kunye nohlaziyo lweNdlu yeeNgwevu zaseRoma. Eli ziko lasekwa nguJohn M. Riddle ngo-1824.

Umongameli wokuqala weli ziko, uHenry R. Seidel Canby, wayengumbhali-mbali, unjingalwazi wembali kwaye wayengumbhali. Wayengumbhali "Amadoda oLawulo lwaMadala: IiNkokheli zezoPolitiko zaseFransi, ezeNkolo, kunye nezeNtlalo, i-1610-1789," kunye "Uhlaselo lwaseMelika: izizathu kunye neziphumo.

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Ukukhethwa komnini kuya kuba yeyona nto iqwalaselwayo ngokuvumela nayiphi na ikati ngaphandle. Izinto ezininzi zokunciphisa zinceda umnini ukuba enze ukhetho olufundileyo. Kukho iindlela zokuvumela ikati yakho ye-shorthair yangaphandle inkululeko enkulu yangaphandle, ukuba ilawulwa ngokukhuselekileyo. Funda ngokugqithisileyo

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